11/20 An exploded star
A long, long time ago, before any of us were born, a star exploded and pieces of it landed in the Pacific Ocean. It was no ordinary star that exploded, it was a Type II supernova, the kind that ejects iron-60 during an explosion.
German researchers discovered the phenomena while drilling in the Pacific. The star fragments were actually discovered in the remains of a magnetic bacterium, which feasted on the stellar iron. It must have happened around 2.7 million years ago because iron-60 is way too young for Earth. Scientists predict it occurred from a supernova explosion
12/20 Elongated skulls in a submerged cavern
Researchers find some unique artifacts deep down in the ocean, but little could be as unique as human skulls. We can’t even imagine how unsettling that must be to discover such things under water. Yet that’s exactly what researchers found in a flooded sinkhole in Mexico back in 2014 – elongated skulls and human bones.
Known as Sac Uayum, the underwater cavern is a natural pit from a limestone bedrock collapse. The team of researchers discovered over a dozen human remains down there, though it has not yet been discovered the cause of death of these skulls’ owners. What we do know is that this stuff is creepy!
13/20 A Bronze Age sewn boat
In March 2014, marine researcher Giulia Boetto at the Center National de la Recherché Scientifique (CNRS) in Croatia revealed the discovery of a Bronze Age sewn boat in Zambratija Cove, Croatia. The boat wreck was dated to 1,200 BC. In other words, it was quite a remarkable discovery for the marine researcher.
This wooden boat is sewn together by roots, ropes, or maybe willow branches. Either way, it is an incredible sight that gives us a glimpse into how boats were made thousands of years ago. Measuring seven meters in length and 2.5 meters in height, the remains of this boat are incredible considering it’s at least 3,200 years old.
14/20 An old Roman medicinal pill in a shipping vessel
The last thing researchers probably expected to find in a shipping vessel was an old Roman medicinal pill and yet, that was exactly what they found. See, you never know what you’re going to find when you’re at the bottom of the ocean. The pill was discovered in the Relitto del Pozzino, a submerged shipping vessel that dates back 2,000 years. In 2013, Italian scientists studied the medicinal pills discovered off the coast of Tuscany, to gain a deeper understanding of what the ancient Romans used as medicine.
They contained zinc compounds, starch, iron oxide, beeswax, and other plant-based materials. The scientists believe the tablets were used as an eye medicine.
15 /20 An ancient computer
It’s hard to believe that computers could have existed before Apple or Microsoft. Yet, it seems that could be possible or better yet, is possible. Between 1900 -1901, researchers discovered the Antikythera mechanism, off the Greek island with the same name. It is the earliest form of a computer seen on the planet. The Antikythera is an analog computer that was built to serve several purposes. One of those purposes includes predicting the astronomical eclipses and positions on the calendar.
If anyone’s interested in seeing it for themselves, the computer is now on display at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens.
16/20 Ancient naval battle weapons
In 2013, archaeologists discovered a plethora of artifacts off the coast of Sicily. What they found was the site of the first ancient naval battle, comprising of weapons, armor, helmets and battering rams dating back 2,000 years. That’s some pretty old stuff down there. It’s incredible to think that all these items have remained intact after two millennia.
They are the remains of the battle of the Egadi Islands in which the Romans took on the Carthaginians for over 20 years. Around 50 Carthaginian ships were sunk and the priceless stash of artifacts has sat on the seabed for two millennia.
17/20 A 2,050-year-old Roman shipwreck
It must be a fascinating job for these marine archaeologists making all these discoveries, some of which date back thousands of years. It can’t be the dullest job in the world anyway, let’s just say that. So we expect they were anything but unhappy to discover another Roman shipwreck off the coast of Antikythera, Greece back in 2015.
After 40 hours underwater, divers discovered interesting artifacts like ancient board games, a bronze armrest, luxury ceramics and a bone flute among other things.
18/20 Sea monsters – they’re no legend
Advanced technology has done a lot of wonderful things for our world. Now we are able to send cameras further down into the ocean to see what’s going on down there…thanks to advanced technology. In fact, most of the discoveries archeologists have made would not have been possible without it. Although we’ve seen our fair share of strange discoveries on here, one of the weirdest has got to be the discovery of sea monsters.
These odd looking sea creatures are for real and live at the very bottom of the ocean. Just look at the blobfish and we’ll see that’s it a pretty bizarre creature living in the ocean.
19 /20 A train graveyard
In 1985, researchers discovered a locomotive graveyard off the coast of New Jersey, United States. Researchers predict it dates back to around 1850, but there is no record of why these trains were dumped into the ocean. There’s no record that they were even built in the first place.
When historians were brought in on the investigation, they believe they could have fallen off a barge accidentally or been thrown off a ship to stop it from sinking. This train graveyard is a spectacular sight and while the trains are rusty, they are generally in good shape considering their age
20/20 The Kingdom of Cleopatra
The Kingdom of Cleopatra was lost for 1,600 years until it was discovered off the shores of Alexandria, Egypt. In 1988, marine archeologists started excavating the ancient city and they believe the whole city was submerged along with statues, columns, artifacts and all. Some of the discoveries included shipwrecks, foundations of the palace, and statues of the goddess Isis and a sphinx. Researchers also found a colossal stone head which they believe to be of Caesarion, the son of Cleopatra and lover Julius Caesar.
So far, archeologists have discovered over 20,000 sunken objects under the sea and we assume that figure will only keep growing.